Ezekiel: Priest, Prophet, Visionary


Dr Janina Hiebel
Not offered in 2020
Ezekiel was a prophet during the greatest crisis Judah had ever experienced: the Babylonian Exile. His intended audience was not only the exilic community in Babylon but also the remnant community in Jerusalem after 597 BCE. His prophetic language is highly imaginative and visual. The Book of Ezekiel contains three great visions in narrative form: the call of the prophet in chapters 1-3; the departure of the divine presence from the doomed temple in Jerusalem in chapters 8-11; and the vision of the new sanctuary of God in the prolonged narrative in chapters 40-48. This unit will examine these three great visions, as well as select other texts in the Book, in some detail. The visions offer a sustained and unique insight into Ezekiel’s understanding of God, both in terms of divine presence and divine absence, and the effects of divine presence on worship and community life in the new circumstances of exile. The visions offer new hope for a different future.


BS8001C and BS8002C


face-to-face 3-hour weekly classes in semester


  • one 2,000-word seminar paper 30%
  • one 5,000-word essay 70%
  • one 7,000-word essay 100% 


  • Block, Daniel. The Book of Ezekiel: Chapters 25–48. New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MN: W. B. Eerdmans, 1998.
  • ‒‒‒. The Book of Ezekiel: Chapters 25-48. New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MN: Eerdmans, 1998.
  • Bowen, Nancy R. Ezekiel. Abingdon Old Testament Commentaries. Nashville: Abingdon, 2010.
  • Hiebel, Janina M. Ezekiel’s Vision Accounts as Interrelated Narratives: A Redaction-critical and Theological Study. Belhefte Zur Zeitschrift Dur Die Alttestamentliche Wissensdchaft 475. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2015.
  • Joyce, Paul M. Ezekiel: A Commentary. Library of Biblical Hebrew/Old Testament Studies 482. New York: T. & T. Clark, 2007.
  • Kutsko, John. Between Heaven and Earth: Divine Presence and Absence in the Book of Ezekiel. Biblical and Judaic Studies. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2000.
  • Lyons, Michael A. An Introduction to the Study of Ezekiel. T. & T. Clark Approaches to Biblical Studies. London: Bloomsbury T. & T. Clark, 2015.
  • Odell, Margaret S. Ezekiel. Smyth & Helwys Biblical Commentaries. Macon, GA: Smyth & Helwys, 2005.
  • Zimmerli, Walther. Ezekiel 1: A Commentary on the Book of the Prophet Ezekiel, Chapters 1-24. Edited by Frank M. Cross and Klaus Baltzer. Translated by Ronald E. Clements. Hermeneia. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1979.
  • ‒‒‒. Ezekiel 2: A Commentary on the Book of the Prophet Ezekiel, Chapters 25–48. Edited by Paul D. Hanson with Leonard J. Greenspoon. Translated by James D. Martin. Hermeneia. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1983.